For Help to Know Biblical Measurements

Sometimes it can be confusing when we read the Bible and it mentions measurements the kind of which we do not use. Here is a list to help you better understand what you are reading. These are approximates they were used in ancient times.

Weight:
Talent (60 minas) is 75 pounds or 34 kilograms.
Mina (50 shekels) is 1.25 pounds or .6 kilograms (600 grams).
Shekel (2 bekas) is 2/5 of an ounce or 11.5 grams.
Pim (2/3 shekel) is 1/4 of an ounce or 7.6 grams.
Beka (10 gerahs) is 1/5 of an ounce or 5.7 grams.
Gerah is 1/50 of an ounce or .6 grams (600 milligrams).

Money:
Shekel is a silver Hebrew coin that is 11.5 grams of silver.
Gerah is a silver Hebrew coin that is .6 grams of silver and is sometimes referred to as ma’ah meaning “money.”
Prutah is a copper Hebrew coin that is .22 grams of copper.
A talent of gold is 3000 silver shekels.
Silver dinar is a silver Roman coin that is 4.26 grams of silver and is called a Zuz in Hebrew. The silver dinar was equal to one day’s wages.
Mina is a silver Roman coin that is 425 grams of silver (or 100 Zuz/Dinarii).
Gold dinar is a gold Roman coin that is 8 grams of gold.
Issar is a copper Roman coin that is .177 grams of copper.
Pundion is a copper Roman coin that is .349 grams of copper.


Distance:
Cubit is 18 inches or .5 meters.
Span is 9 inches or 23 centimeters.
Handbreadth is 3 inches or 8 centimeters.
Finger is 3/4 of an inch or 1.8 centimeters.
Yoke is the amount of land a pair of yoked oxen could plow in a single day or about 1/3 of an acre.

Dry Capacity:
Homer (or Cor) (10 ephahs) comes from the Hebrew word for donkey or ass, so this measurement was approximately one donkey-load or a little over 5 bushels (200 quarts) or 220 liters.
Lethek (5 ephahs) is 2.7 bushels or 110 liters.
Ephah (10 omers) is 3/5 of a bushel or 22 liters.
Seah (1/3 ephah) is 7 quarts or 7.3 liters.
Omer (1/10 ephah) is 2 quarts or 2 liters.
Cab (1/18 ephah) is 1 quart or 1 liter.

Liquid Capacity:
Bath is the liquid equivalent of 1 Ephah or 5.5 gallons or 22 liters.

Hin (1/6 bath) is 1 gallon (4 quarts) or 4 liters.
Log (1/72 bath) is 1/3 of a quart (11 ounces) or .3 liter.

Categories biblical hermaneutics, Followers, Israel, Money, Science

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